Today, in the long-awaited case of TC Heartland v. Kraft Foods Group Brands, the US Supreme Court unanimously determined where a domestic corporation “resides” for purposes of establishing proper venue in patent cases. In short, a domestic corporation “resides” only in its State of incorporation.
Why is this relevant? And will this have any effect on patent infringement cases going forward?
For years, if it could be shown that a company was subject to personal jurisdiction in that district, then it “resided” in that district and venue was proper. As such, many plaintiffs brought cases in pro-plaintiff jurisdictions, like Marshall, TX, even though defendants’ principal places of business were elsewhere.
Going forward, in patent infringement lawsuits, there will be two choices to bring cases: (1) where the US defendant is incorporated or (2) where “the [US] defendant has committed acts of infringement and has a regular and established place of business.” 28 U.S.C.§ 1400(b)(emphasis added). The focus may now shift to where companies have their “regular and established place of business.” States, like Delaware (where many companies are incorporated) or California and New York (where companies have established businesses), could become the new forums of choice.